2023 Studded Tire Test

Sadly Tire Reviews won't be conducting a studded tire test this year, but thankfully the excellent testers at the Swedish magazine Vi Bilagare have, and as they're some of the best Nordic drivers in the world, you can be assured this is the best studded tire test you'll see this year.

As always for a studded tire test, the tires were all tested in the dry, wet, snow and importantly ice, which is where studs really make a difference. To add another element to the testing this year Vi Bilagare bought a "joker" tire, a lightly used Nokian Hakkapeliitta 8 (the current version is the Hakkapeliitta 10) which was manufactured in 2015, making the tire both old technology AND 8 years old. The testers noted that the tire still had around 7mm of tread depth (compared to 9.1mm of the new Hakka 10) and that some studs had fallen out, and those which hadn't were somewhat blunted compared to new.

The inclusion of the old tire is really interesting, as they've also included a cheap Chinese, so we can answer whether an old premium studded to tire is better than a new budget!

In our coverage below we'll concentrate on how the old vs new perform, but overall this is an excellent in depth test and well worth checking out the full version on the ViB website.

Dry BrakingNokian Hakkapeliitta 8: 31.4 MFalken Winterpeak F Ice 1: 33.32 M
Subj. Dry HandlingMichelin X Ice North 4: 5 PointsFalken Winterpeak F Ice 1: 2 Points
Wet BrakingHankook Winter i pike RS2: 35.85 MGoodride IceMaster Spike Z 506: 39.19 M
Wet HandlingContinental IceContact 3: 41.1 sGoodride IceMaster Spike Z 506: 42.6 s
Straight AquaFalken Winterpeak F Ice 1: 59.1 Km/HNokian Hakkapeliitta 10: 55.1 Km/H
Snow BrakingGoodride IceMaster Spike Z 506: 12.8 MMichelin X Ice North 4: 13.24 M
Snow TractionGoodyear UltraGrip Arctic 2: 4.79 sHankook Winter i pike RS2: 4.9 s
Snow HandlingNokian Hakkapeliitta 10: 74.8 sNokian Hakkapeliitta 8: 79 s
Ice BrakingNokian Hakkapeliitta 10: 12.77 MNokian Hakkapeliitta 8: 19.03 M
Ice TractionMichelin X Ice North 4: 5.55 sNokian Hakkapeliitta 8: 8.66 s
Ice HandlingNokian Hakkapeliitta 10: 39.3 sGoodride IceMaster Spike Z 506: 44.1 s
Subj. ComfortContinental IceContact 3: 5 PointsGoodyear UltraGrip Arctic 2: 2 Points
NoiseContinental IceContact 3: 75 dBFalken Winterpeak F Ice 1: 76 dB
PriceGoodride IceMaster Spike Z 506: 1499 Continental IceContact 3: 2669
Rolling ResistanceNokian Hakkapeliitta 8: 5.05 kg / tGoodyear UltraGrip Arctic 2: 5.7 kg / t


Dry braking started off with a win for the used tire! If you understand tires and braking tests, this won't be a huge surprise as lower tread depth really helps improve dry braking results, especially on siped tires like these.

The testers don't report lap time for this category of tire, but they do report subjective handling scores of which the Michelin X-Ice North 4 and Continental IceContact 3 lead the way.


The Hankook Winter i*Pike RS2 had the best braking in the wet, closely followed by the new Goodyear UltraGrip Arctic 2. Surprisingly, the worn old tire finished fourth in wet braking, ahead of its new and "better" brother, the Hakkapeliitta 10. This is harder to explain, as the 8 year old rubber should have hardened up, however it's likely the lower tread depth was once again a factor on these very soft and highly siped tires.

Highlighting the tread depth vs tread compound factor, wet handling had the old tire second to last, only beating the budget tire which had disastrous wet braking. The Continental was back at the front.

The Falken Winterpeak F-Ice 1 had the best aquaplaning resistance, and surprisingly the worn older tire out performed a number of the newer patterns, which was unexpected due to the lower tread depth. This is likely due to the newer tires prioritising more rubber on the road for improved grip, at the expense of aquaplaning performance.


The budget Goodride IceMaster Spike was the best in snow braking with the Hankook a close second. The older tire was once again near the back of the back, though confusingly it still managed to beat the Michelin.

Fortunately Michelin jumped back to the front of the group for snow traction, beaten only by the Goodyear. The older Nokian again beat the newer Nokian in what was a very close table.

Thankfully the (new) Nokian was back at the front for snow handling, with the old right at the back.


Ice is key for studded tires, and really shows where the older tire loses out. The new Nokian was best in the ice braking tests, and the old Nokian by far the worst.

Michelin snuck ahead of the new Nokian during ice traction testing but the old Nokian remained at the back.

Ice handling had the new Nokian back at the front, but this time the budget Goodride was the slowest by quite the margin.


The Continental proved to have the highest level of subjective comfort.

The Continental was also the quietest.


Lower tread depth favours rolling resistance results which meant the older tire was the best, with the Hankook the best of the new tires.


1st: Nokian Hakkapeliitta 10

Nokian Hakkapeliitta 10
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 9.1mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
  • Price: 2513.00
Dry Braking5th32.74 M31.4 M+1.34 M95.91%
Subj. Dry Handling5th3 Points5 Points-2 Points60%
Wet Braking7th38.58 M35.85 M+2.73 M92.92%
Wet Handling3rd41.4 s41.1 s+0.3 s99.28%
Straight Aqua8th55.1 Km/H59.1 Km/H-4 Km/H93.23%
Snow Braking4th12.96 M12.8 M+0.16 M98.77%
Snow Traction5th4.85 s4.79 s+0.06 s98.76%
Snow Handling1st74.8 s100%
Ice Braking1st12.77 M100%
Ice Traction2nd5.74 s5.55 s+0.19 s96.69%
Ice Handling1st39.3 s100%
Subj. Comfort3rd3 Points5 Points-2 Points60%
Noise6th75.6 dB75 dB+0.6 dB99.21%
Price6th2513 1499 +1014 59.65%
Rolling Resistance4th5.35 kg / t5.05 kg / t+0.3 kg / t94.39%
The Finnish winter specialist scores many points for its high level of grip on ice. It is also the best at handling slippery curves on both snow and ice without losing its course. A lightly oversteering rear end helps to rotate the car around corners. This makes the tire somewhat prone to skidding under pressure, but it remains easy to control at the grip limit.
Its willingness to turn continues on asphalt rounds. However, its wet grip lags behind the best, and the steering feel on dry roads is nonlinear in character.
Nokian is suitable for those looking for the best possible winter grip on snow and ice and who appreciate the joy of driving on curvy roads.
A high baseline performance with peak winter features results in an overall test victory.

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2nd: Michelin X Ice North 4

Michelin X Ice North 4
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 8.1mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
  • Price: 2435.00
Dry Braking4th32.37 M31.4 M+0.97 M97%
Subj. Dry Handling1st5 Points100%
Wet Braking5th37.56 M35.85 M+1.71 M95.45%
Wet Handling6th41.8 s41.1 s+0.7 s98.33%
Straight Aqua6th55.9 Km/H59.1 Km/H-3.2 Km/H94.59%
Snow Braking8th13.24 M12.8 M+0.44 M96.68%
Snow Traction2nd4.83 s4.79 s+0.04 s99.17%
Snow Handling4th75.5 s74.8 s+0.7 s99.07%
Ice Braking2nd12.93 M12.77 M+0.16 M98.76%
Ice Traction1st5.55 s100%
Ice Handling2nd39.6 s39.3 s+0.3 s99.24%
Subj. Comfort3rd3 Points5 Points-2 Points60%
Noise7th75.8 dB75 dB+0.8 dB98.94%
Price5th2435 1499 +936 61.56%
Rolling Resistance7th5.5 kg / t5.05 kg / t+0.45 kg / t91.82%
The Michelin tire exhibits short braking distances on all types of surfaces, especially on ice. It also has a high level of initial grip on winter roads. Compared to the best, it has slightly lower cornering grip and slower steering responses. The balance is clearly understeering, which also results in a stable rear that rarely breaks into a skid.
On dry ground, Michelin impresses with a natural steering feel. A shallower tread depth than others and many small studs have previously resulted in low noise, but this time the road noise is on par with competitors.
A good mix of high winter grip and fine asphalt characteristics brings Michelin close to winning a gold medal. This tire is suitable for those looking for a calm and safe option with good everyday comfort.

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3rd: Goodyear UltraGrip Arctic 2

Goodyear UltraGrip Arctic 2
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 10mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
  • Price: 2277.00
Dry Braking2nd32.11 M31.4 M+0.71 M97.79%
Subj. Dry Handling6th2 Points5 Points-3 Points40%
Wet Braking2nd35.94 M35.85 M+0.09 M99.75%
Wet Handling2nd41.2 s41.1 s+0.1 s99.76%
Straight Aqua2nd57.3 Km/H59.1 Km/H-1.8 Km/H96.95%
Snow Braking4th12.96 M12.8 M+0.16 M98.77%
Snow Traction1st4.79 s100%
Snow Handling3rd75.3 s74.8 s+0.5 s99.34%
Ice Braking3rd12.97 M12.77 M+0.2 M98.46%
Ice Traction3rd6.09 s5.55 s+0.54 s91.13%
Ice Handling2nd39.6 s39.3 s+0.3 s99.24%
Subj. Comfort7th2 Points5 Points-3 Points40%
Noise2nd75.4 dB75 dB+0.4 dB99.47%
Price4th2277 1499 +778 65.83%
Rolling Resistance8th5.7 kg / t5.05 kg / t+0.65 kg / t88.6%
The second generation of the UltraGrip Arctic has short braking distances on all types of surfaces.

Despite having class-leading wet grip and the shortest braking distances on dry roads, Goodyear manages to match Nokian and Michelin when it comes to stopping on ice and snow. The initial grip on winter roads is also impressive.

However, the lateral grip is not quite on par with the very best, and the tire also has vague steering precision, making it somewhat difficult to place under pressure. This applies to both winter and dry roads. Nevertheless, it doesnt cause any trouble and never puts the driver in a tight spot.

Goodyear is suitable for those who often drive on dry roads but want studs for the treacherous black ice that lurks in the shadows.

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4th: Falken Winterpeak F Ice 1

Falken Winterpeak F Ice 1
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 9.1mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
  • Price: 2124.00
Dry Braking8th33.32 M31.4 M+1.92 M94.24%
Subj. Dry Handling6th2 Points5 Points-3 Points40%
Wet Braking3rd36.98 M35.85 M+1.13 M96.94%
Wet Handling3rd41.4 s41.1 s+0.3 s99.28%
Straight Aqua1st59.1 Km/H100%
Snow Braking3rd12.85 M12.8 M+0.05 M99.61%
Snow Traction6th4.86 s4.79 s+0.07 s98.56%
Snow Handling5th76.1 s74.8 s+1.3 s98.29%
Ice Braking4th14.6 M12.77 M+1.83 M87.47%
Ice Traction5th6.51 s5.55 s+0.96 s85.25%
Ice Handling5th41 s39.3 s+1.7 s95.85%
Subj. Comfort7th2 Points5 Points-3 Points40%
Noise8th76 dB75 dB+1 dB98.68%
Price3rd2124 1499 +625 70.57%
Rolling Resistance5th5.4 kg / t5.05 kg / t+0.35 kg / t93.52%
Last year, the F-Ice 1 was disqualified after losing its studs from the unusually soft rubber. Falken identified a production error and promised new tires to all customers who received products from the affected production period. Was it just an excuse, or is Falken's claim true?
Upon testing Falken's latest studded tire, we find that the studs are securely in place. The Japanese tire has the best winter grip, second only to the more expensive brands. It also has good grip on wet asphalt and resists hydroplaning better than any other.
The downside is a vague steering feel on dry roads and elevated noise levels.
Falken offers a slightly more affordable option with a good mix of wet grip and winter traction.

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5th: Continental IceContact 3

Continental IceContact 3
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 8.4mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
  • Price: 2669.00
Dry Braking6th32.77 M31.4 M+1.37 M95.82%
Subj. Dry Handling1st5 Points100%
Wet Braking6th37.87 M35.85 M+2.02 M94.67%
Wet Handling1st41.1 s100%
Straight Aqua7th55.2 Km/H59.1 Km/H-3.9 Km/H93.4%
Snow Braking6th12.98 M12.8 M+0.18 M98.61%
Snow Traction3rd4.84 s4.79 s+0.05 s98.97%
Snow Handling2nd75.1 s74.8 s+0.3 s99.6%
Ice Braking6th17.14 M12.77 M+4.37 M74.5%
Ice Traction7th7.88 s5.55 s+2.33 s70.43%
Ice Handling4th40.8 s39.3 s+1.5 s96.32%
Subj. Comfort1st5 Points100%
Noise1st75 dB100%
Price7th2669 1499 +1170 56.16%
Rolling Resistance5th5.4 kg / t5.05 kg / t+0.35 kg / t93.52%
Continental has failed at the most important aspect for a studded tire: achieving grip on ice. The stopping distance on ice lags far behind other premium brands. Despite having the highest price, the tire's braking performance is on par with Goodride and is only marginally better than a used tire.
However, the IceContact 3 communicates well with the driver about where the grip limit is and remains controllable when traction is about to be lost. This safe and easy-to-control behavior is consistent across all surfaces.
Continental scores the most points in the asphalt categories with a nice driving feel, good stability during evasive maneuvers, and low noise. But with a high price and poor ice grip, it's difficult to recommend the tire to anyone, regardless of driving type.

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6th: Hankook Winter i pike RS2

Hankook Winter i pike RS2
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 9.2mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
  • Price: 1878.00
Dry Braking7th32.82 M31.4 M+1.42 M95.67%
Subj. Dry Handling6th2 Points5 Points-3 Points40%
Wet Braking1st35.85 M100%
Wet Handling5th41.5 s41.1 s+0.4 s99.04%
Straight Aqua3rd56.8 Km/H59.1 Km/H-2.3 Km/H96.11%
Snow Braking2nd12.82 M12.8 M+0.02 M99.84%
Snow Traction8th4.9 s4.79 s+0.11 s97.76%
Snow Handling6th76.7 s74.8 s+1.9 s97.52%
Ice Braking5th15.87 M12.77 M+3.1 M80.47%
Ice Traction4th6.41 s5.55 s+0.86 s86.58%
Ice Handling6th42.2 s39.3 s+2.9 s93.13%
Subj. Comfort2nd4 Points5 Points-1 Points80%
Noise2nd75.4 dB75 dB+0.4 dB99.47%
Price2nd1878 1499 +379 79.82%
Rolling Resistance2nd5.15 kg / t5.05 kg / t+0.1 kg / t98.06%
The South Korean tire is one of the oldest in the group. In previous tests, Hankook had prioritized winter road conditions, but this time we find that wet grip has been improved since the last test. It stops better than any other tire on wet roads and handles hydroplaning well. However, Hankook lags behind in the ice rounds.
Under pressure, Hankook easily breaks into a skid with an erratic behavior that is consistent across all surfaces.
On dry roads, the steering feel is vague and also lacks straight-line stability. However, it rolls more easily than the new tires and has an acceptable noise level.
At the right price, this is a reasonable option for those who prioritize economy.

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7th: Goodride IceMaster Spike Z 506

Goodride IceMaster Spike Z 506
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 9.2mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
  • Price: 1499.00
Dry Braking3rd32.36 M31.4 M+0.96 M97.03%
Subj. Dry Handling3rd4 Points5 Points-1 Points80%
Wet Braking8th39.19 M35.85 M+3.34 M91.48%
Wet Handling8th42.6 s41.1 s+1.5 s96.48%
Straight Aqua5th56.4 Km/H59.1 Km/H-2.7 Km/H95.43%
Snow Braking1st12.8 M100%
Snow Traction7th4.87 s4.79 s+0.08 s98.36%
Snow Handling7th78.7 s74.8 s+3.9 s95.04%
Ice Braking7th17.16 M12.77 M+4.39 M74.42%
Ice Traction6th7.53 s5.55 s+1.98 s73.71%
Ice Handling8th44.1 s39.3 s+4.8 s89.12%
Subj. Comfort3rd3 Points5 Points-2 Points60%
Noise5th75.5 dB75 dB+0.5 dB99.34%
Price1st1499 100%
Rolling Resistance3rd5.3 kg / t5.05 kg / t+0.25 kg / t95.28%
Chinese brand Goodride boasts that their latest studded tire is developed in Finland and features 200 studs per tire. The studding is also unusually well-executed for a tire in the budget segment.
However, Goodride performs worst of all the new tires on ice and is worse than the used tire in corners. One explanation is that the rubber compound is the hardest in the group. It is also the only tire with a speed rating of H for higher speeds.
On snow, it performs better, where the tread pattern provides good braking grip, but the cornering grip remains low.
From a harder winter tire, we would expect good performance on dry roads, but unfortunately, Goodride shows the worst wet grip in the test. This results in a modest overall point score, on par with the used tire.

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8th: Nokian Hakkapeliitta 8

Nokian Hakkapeliitta 8
  • 225/45 R17 94T
  • Tread: 7.3mm
  • 3PMSF: yes
Dry Braking1st31.4 M100%
Subj. Dry Handling3rd4 Points5 Points-1 Points80%
Wet Braking4th37.02 M35.85 M+1.17 M96.84%
Wet Handling7th41.9 s41.1 s+0.8 s98.09%
Straight Aqua4th56.5 Km/H59.1 Km/H-2.6 Km/H95.6%
Snow Braking7th13.06 M12.8 M+0.26 M98.01%
Snow Traction3rd4.84 s4.79 s+0.05 s98.97%
Snow Handling8th79 s74.8 s+4.2 s94.68%
Ice Braking8th19.03 M12.77 M+6.26 M67.1%
Ice Traction8th8.66 s5.55 s+3.11 s64.09%
Ice Handling7th42.6 s39.3 s+3.3 s92.25%
Subj. Comfort3rd3 Points5 Points-2 Points60%
Noise2nd75.4 dB75 dB+0.4 dB99.47%
Price2nd0 1499 -1499 0%
Rolling Resistance1st5.05 kg / t100%
How do eight-year-old tires with a reasonable tread depth hold up? A tire is said to improve on dry asphalt as it wears, something we can confirm. The used tire shows the lowest consumption and best stopping distance on dry roads. The rubber also performs reasonably well on wet roads with an acceptable braking distance and is not far behind in cornering grip.
Snow grip is also not far off from the new tires.
The major downside is a clear deterioration in ice grip. However, in icy corners, it communicates well with the driver about where the grip limit is and remains easy to handle under pressure. In fact, it holds up well compared to the budget tire even on ice.
Investing in quality pays off for many years to come.

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